Conservationists Vs. Conservatives
I admit it. I have an axe to grind on this one. In the recent past, I came smack-up against governmental regulation of private property when I tried to sell this "family homestead." My experience differed as to the details provided in the following article from the November 30, 2007 edition the Washington Post, but some of the rights involved are the same (emphases mine):
A new front has opened in the long-simmering dispute between conservationists and property-rights activists as Congress has increasingly given federal protection to lands dubbed "National Heritage Areas."As a history buff, I'm in favor of preserving historical areas. But in my view, owners' property rights should trump governmental programs as described above.
With no official formula for their creation, the areas are designated by congressional action and overseen primarily by private, nonprofit community groups. The nonprofits also have roles in managing land use in the areas, which range from a section of abandoned steel mills on a riverfront in Scranton, Pa., to a stretch of the Hudson River between New York City and Albany.
But historical preservationists are encountering opposition from conservative activists, who see the rapid growth in congressionally created heritage areas as a backdoor way to restrict property owners' rights to develop their land as they see fit.
National Heritage Areas "pose a threat to private property rights through the exercise of restrictive zoning that may severely limit the extent to which property owners can develop or use their property," wrote Cheryl Chumley and Ronald D. Utt of the Heritage Foundation in a recent report on heritage areas. Chumley and Utt said such "regulatory takings" through zoning are the "most common form of property rights abuse today."
Republicans in Congress and property activists say that individuals who own land in these heritage areas now have to answer to a quasi-governmental body about how they develop their property.
Some of the projects, which receive federal funding but are not part of the National Park Service, are geared toward smart-growth revitalization of historically important areas. Others can be designed toward luring more tourists to drive through long stretches of a region with important cultural touchstones.
"By providing federal recognition and financial support, we encourage preservation and interpretation of important periods in our nation's history in a way that traditional units of the National Park System cannot do," Rep. Nick J. Rahall II (D-W.Va.), chairman of the Natural Resources Committee, said last month on the House floor. "Our initial investment 'primes the pump' and ensures that those areas get a solid start toward financial and operational independence."
The number of areas receiving the designation is increasing rapidly. The heritage areas program was created in 1984, and 27 of them were designated through 2005. But last year, another 10 regions received the distinction. Six more were approved by the House last month and await Senate action.
The program is receiving $13.4 million a year from the federal government, according to John Cosgrove, head of the Alliance of National Heritage Areas, an association that represents the groups overseeing the areas. Cosgrove believes that Congress should increase funding so that most of the areas would receive about $1 million a year for the first 10 years of their existence. After that, they would be financially independent.
Before coming to Washington, Cosgrove oversaw the Lackawanna Valley Heritage Area, in the Scranton area. "Isn't that a tired, old coal town whose best days are behind it?" Cosgrove asked rhetorically. Now, that heritage area is helping promote tourism in the region, he said.
Rep. Jeff Flake (R-Ariz.), a member of the Natural Resources panel and a longtime opponent of special-interest spending known as earmarks, contends that heritage areas are becoming targets for earmarks, including 24 in the 2007 spending bills that are worth hundreds of thousands of dollars each.
But the program has bipartisan support; the House vote to approve the six proposed sites was 291 to 122. Rep. Ralph Regula (R-Ohio) has estimated that an $8 million federal investment yielded $270 million in revenue for the community in a heritage area in his district.
Democrats want to see more heritage areas. "Given that each federal dollar is matched by local funds, the federal investment in the heritage area program is money well spent," Rahall said.
One of the more controversial proposed heritage areas, the "Journey Through Hallowed Ground" heritage area, is sponsored by Rep. Frank R. Wolf (R-Va.). It runs from Charlottesville to Gettysburg along Route 15, past many American Revolution and Civil War sites.
"We should never seek to honor the heroes of our nation's founding by trampling the sacred principles for which they fought and died -- namely property rights and limited, local government," said Peyton Knight of the National Center for Public Policy Research at the time of Wolf's proposal.
As I mentioned at the beginning of this posting, I have a personal take on the matter of government control of private property. I've encountered my local government's zoning regulations in the past, albeit not for a national heritage program. In effect, my local government prevented the sale of property over which I thought I had certain rights, including that of selling it for a fair price.
Last year, the sale of the lot on which my house sits was blocked by Fairfax County's obsession with installing "storm water management facilities" — never mind that the natural drainage of water here resulted from the county's having allowed the owners of ritzy nearby houses to build a private road without storm drains, followed by those owners then somehow managing to get the county to maintain the illegal road. Furthermore, these "storm water management facilities" is that they are animal- and child-killers, thanks to the county's reticence to enforce regulations for the required fences. In fact, these steep-walled drainage ponds, often dry because of the prevailing climate here, are used for snow sledding and grass skiing. The ponds rarely get dampened with standing water, let alone filled, even in a gully-washing downpour or during the rainiest periods of the year.
It was also not out of the realm of possibility that my house and that of my neighbor's could well have been dedicated worthy of historical preservation. At one point early on, the possibility of the county's declaring my house and that of my neighbor's as historically preserved actually came up in the course of the feasibility study, never mind that neither my neighbor or I can actually sell our houses as dwellings; our houses are undesirable now because buyers prefer modern homes, aka McMansions. Both my neighbor and I breathed a sigh of relief when the county finally declared that we could actually sell our respective properties. Talk about governmental control of private property!
As a conservative, I have a natural predilection for complaining about governmental intrusion upon my rights. I see the government — federal, local, and state — as using both the Kelo ruling and backdoor methods, including the designation "heritage areas," to subvert individual property rights in the name of the greater good.
Turn the page ....